Founded in Los Angeles in 1950 by activist Harry Hay, his lover Rudy Gernreich, and others, the Mattachine Society was one of the earliest homophile organizations in the U.S.; it took its name from the medieval French masked wandering entertainers who through their anonymity could freely criticize the ruling nobility. The Mattachine Society spawned both One, Inc., which published an influential nationally-circulated magazine, and indirectly, the Daughters of Bilitis, the women’s organization. In 1961 the Society splintered into regional chapters, including those in S.F., Chicago, Washington, D.C., Boston, and New York.
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“GO-GO MATTACHINE,” Documented | Digital Collections of The History Project, accessed September 21, 2017, http://historyproject.omeka.net/items/show/62.